HR Wallingford will broaden our space-based dam monitoring system, DAMSAT, to include water dams in a bid to reduce the risk of failures. The UK Space Agency has extended our funding following a pilot project to monitor tailings dams used to store toxic mine waste in Peru. Ultimately the technology could be employed worldwide to reduce the risks to those living downstream of dams.
Caption: The region of Cerro de Pasco, Peru will be monitored during HR Wallingford’s DAMSAT water dam trial.
Over the next two years, HR Wallingford will use the ground-breaking DAMSAT software to monitor movement at several water dams in the Cerro de Pasco region of Peru. The system uses Earth Observation (EO) techniques – including the analysis of spectral responses and iron traces from satellite images as well as data from navigation systems – combined with real-time in-situ devices
The consequences of water dam failures can be catastrophic. Earlier this year a breach at Tiware dam in India flooded seven villages and swept away 20 people, according to local media reports. DAMSAT could help to prevent such devastation by alerting authorities of problems with structures before they are at risk of failing.
Marta Roca Collell, project manager at HR Wallingford, said: ‘DAMSAT allows authorities to monitor dams remotely, particularly useful in isolated locations or where there are concerns about dam management’.
DAMSAT’s potential in the water sector is huge. Globally, nearly 60,000 dams are registered with the International Commission for large Dams (ICOLD), which are estimated to hold 16, 201 km3 of water – the same volume as around 6.5 billion Olympic-sized swimming pools.
HR Wallingford leads the research consortium alongside international partners. The group is sponsored by the UK Space Agency’s International Partnership Programme (IPP), a five-year, £152 million programme designed to partner UK space expertise with overseas governments and organizations to deliver sustainable, economic or societal benefits.
Our latest article “The potential to reduce the risks posed by tailings dams using satellite-based information” published in the International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction is available as a free download until 20 August 2019 directly from the Publishers’ website Elsevier.
Bibliographic details Darren Lumbroso, Caitlin McElroy, Craig Goff, Marta Roca Collell, Gregor Petkovsek, Mark Wetton, The potential to reduce the risks posed by tailings dams using satellite-based information, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, Volume 38, 2019, 101209, ISSN 2212-4209, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101209. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212420919302766)
He presented the DAMSAT project and participated as a speaker in the Tailings Dams Committee Workshop.
The annual meeting was an excellent opportunity to present DAMSAT to an international audience and to exchange ideas about the project and the challenges faced by the managers when operating and monitoring tailings dams.
We have now chosen a new name for the system we are developing, it is called DAMSAT (DAm Monitoring with SATellites). DAMSAT will help to reduce the risk of tailings storage facilities and the consequent damages to population and ecosystems downstream.
Dr Marta Roca from HR Wallingford presented an overview of the project at CONEIC 2018, the national congress of civil engineering students that took place in August at Cusco, Peru. She also provided training on Earth Observations Techniques and presented an overview of the project in Bolivia at a module of the Master of Hydrology and Hydraulic Engineering organised by the Technical University of Oruro in both Oruro and La Paz sites. Oruro, the fifth largest city in Bolivia and in the Altiplano, at 3,700 m above sea level, is the capital of the Oruro department, which is heavily dependent on the mining industry (tin, copper, silver and gold among others).
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